Meet Ranjitsinh Disale, an educator from an impoverished corner of western India.
He’s just been named the winner of the Varkey Foundation-UNESCO $1 million Global Teacher Prize. He’s been honored for “transforming the life chances” of girls at Zilla Parishad Primary School in Paritewadi – a poor village in Maharashtra state where tribal communities have traditionally kept females away from formal education.
Disale hadn’t planned on being a teacher. He found himself in Paritewadi in 2009 after he dropped out of an engineering course where he was bullied, and his government schoolteacher father nudged the teenager to pursue a career in education instead.
The school he found on arrival was a dilapidated and almost empty building that sat on a dusty road, sandwiched between a cattle shed and a store house.
Unlike boys, few girls bothered to show up for classes. In those days, most were expected to work on family farms until their teenage years when many were married off. The local literacy rates for females were among the worst in the state.
Faced with this situation others might have turn tailed for home, but Disale took on the challenge. Given a freehand to act from the school’s principal, he set out to change things.
And change they did. Today, class attendance has gone up from two to 100 percent. 85 percent of his students now pass with A grades in their annual examinations. And teenage marriages have all but stopped.
One of his former students is now studying at the university, something that would have been almost impossible for a girl from poor rural background to do a decade ago.
So how did he do it?
As a first step, he learned the local language, Kannada, and then translated the state’s curriculum and English textbooks into it.
To find out more about village families, he spent the first six months visiting people, participating in local cultural events, and conducted a survey about their socio-economic conditions, their education levels and so on. He discovered that most of his students were the first generation in their families to go to school, which explained the low attendance rates.
He then began promoting the importance of education with a missionary zeal. He went to homes and farms and encouraged parents to let their girls learn.
To entice more kids to his classroom and keep them there, he started showing Bollywood movies on his laptop. “By the end of 2010, I had achieved 99 percent attendance,” he laughs.
With his students at their desks, he started introducing them to educational videos and PowerPoint presentations linked to the syllabus. At around this time, Disale had completed a course at a Microsoft teachers’ training center in the nearby tech hub city of Pune.
“I learned a lot about using technology in the classroom in a meaningful way and I began applying that knowledge in my school. Each week, I would make videos, PowerPoint presentations, download videos, translate content using voiceovers and transfer it from my laptop to the mobile phones of my students’ parents,” he says.
To get parents involved in their children’s schooling, Disale would send them text messages every afternoon with details about homework and lessons. Then he set up an alarm that would go off on all school nights at 7 p.m. sharp. “That was a sign for the parents to stop doing their daily chores and ensure that their children were completing their homework.”
Soon he found that his students were responding to multimedia lessons better than traditional classroom learning but also realized that technology had its limitations. “For example, I wasn’t always able to transfer files successfully. Sometimes they were incompatible, at other times they would get corrupted,” Disale says.
Then one day, he saw a store clerk at a local convenience store scan a QR code to check out the items he’d bought. “I had no idea what a QR code was. So I didn’t even know what to type into a search engine. But after doing an image search, I learnt not just what it was called but also what a QR code could do!”
To enrich the learning experience further, he developed personalized programs for each student. He printed stickers with QR codes to go in their textbooks so that students could download learning materials directly onto their phones. It proved to be a breakthrough.
Their performance improved by an average of 20 percent with big strides in engagement. “Suddenly, you could see students who weren’t interested in reading before now reading efficiently. Those who were shy were now speaking confidently. And the writing skills of students improved a lot,” he says.
In 2015, Disale joined the Microsoft Innovative Educator (MIE) program that brings together educators from around the world who want to transform learning. The program designed to recognize educator visionaries – known as MIE Experts – helped Disale find even more innovative ways to use technology to improve student engagement.
In 2017 he set up Virtual Field Trips (VFTs) using Skype and has since hosted 1,483 sessions showcasing destinations around the world for his classes.
He has also launched Let’s Cross the Borders, a Skype-based collaborative project that connects students from countries in conflict. The six-week program involves 150 schools and 5,000 students. It matches ‘peace buddies’ across countries, addresses issues of conflict, tries to find ways to resolve the problems and attempts to draw up plans of action for the future.
During the current pandemic, Disale helped his school adopt Microsoft Teams for lessons along with other tools, like OneNote and Sway. They attend classes from their homes, while Together Mode on Microsoft Teams provides them some semblance of a classroom.
While all of this has made learning enjoyable for students, Disale believes that the real positive outcome of this has been their increased levels of familiarity with technology.
“Earlier, students used to be afraid of technology. Now, they’re finding new ways of making it work for them. It has given them opportunity to access whatever they want to learn. And they no longer see their teacher as their only source of knowledge,” he says.